英语结构短语全面总结,小学到高中都能用

to do 结构题

  ask sb. to do sth. 请(叫)某人做某事

  tell sb. to do sth. 请(叫)某人做某事

  help sb. (to) do sth. 协助做某事

  want sb. to do sth. 想要做某事

  wish sb. to do sth. 希望做某事

  invite sb. to do sth. 约请某人做某事

  drive sb. to do sth. 驱使某人做某事

  expect sb. to do sth. 希冀某人做某事

  forbid sb. to do sth. 制止某人做某事

  force sb. to do sth. 强迫某人做某事

  hope to do sth. 希望做某事

  offer to do sth. 自动提出做某事

  plan to do sth. 方案做某事

  prepare to do sth. 预备做某事

  pretend to do sth. 伪装做某事

  promise to do sth. 容许做某事

  refuse to do sth. 回绝做某事

  fail to do sth. 未能做某事

  happen to do sth. 碰巧做某事

  need sb. to do sth. 需要某人做某事

  need doing = need to be done. 某事需要被做

  advise sb. to do sth. 建议某人做某事

  advise doing sth. 建议做某事

  allow sb. to do sth. 允许某人做某事

  allow doing sth. 允许某人做某事


-ing 结构

  consider doing sth. 思索做某事

  enjoy doing sth. 喜欢做某事

  escape doing sth. 逃脱做某事

  finish doing sth. 完成做某事

  give up doing sth. 放弃做某事

  imagine doing sth. 想象做某事

  mind doing sth. 介意做某事

  practice doing sth. 练习做某事

  prevent doing sth. 阻止做某事

  put off doing sth. 推延做某事

  risk doing sth. 冒险做某事

  forbid doing sth. 制止做某事

  forgive doing sth. 原谅做某事


既 +to 又 +ing

  remember to do sth. 记住去做某事,表示这件事情还没有做

  remember doing sth. 记得做过某事

  forget to do sth. 忘记要去做某事。 (未做)

  forget doing sth. 忘记做过某事。 (已做)

  regret to do sth. 遗憾地(要)做某事 (还未做呢)

  regret doing sth. 后悔做过某事(已经做过了)

  try to do sth. 努力做谋事,尽力做某事,但不一定成功

  try doing sth. 试图做谋事

  stop to do 表示停止现在在做的事情,开始做另外一件事情

  stop doing 表示停止现在在做的事情

  mean to do sth. 做某事

  mean doing sth. 意味着做某事

  cant help to do sth. 不能协助做某

  cant help doing sth. 禁不住做某事

  go on to do sth. 做了一件事后,接着做另一件事

  go on doing sth. 继续做原来做的事


do 动词原形

  let sb. do sth. 让某人做某事

  make sb. do sth. 使某人做某事

  make sth. done 使某事完成

  have sb. do sth. 使某人做某事

  have sth done 做完某事

  see sb. do sth. 看见某人做某事

  see sb. doing 看人某人正在做

  hear sb. do sth. 听见某人做某事

  hear sb. doing 听见某人正在做

  listen to sb. do sth. 听着某人做某事

  listen sb. doing sth 听着某人正在做

  look at sb. do sth. 看着某人做某事

  watch sb. do sth. 察看某人做某事

  feel sb. do sth. 觉得某人做某事


双宾语

  give sb. sth = give sth to sb. 给某人某物

  tell sb. sth = tell sth to sb. 告诉某人某事

  borrow sth from sb. 向某人借某物

  lend sth to sb. 借某物给某人

  buy sth for sb. =buy sb. sth 给某人买某物

  show sb. sth=show sth to sb. 向某人展示某物


be 动词结构

  be at home = stay at home 在家

  be in trouble 有麻烦

  be careful of 小心

  be late for 因迟到

  be free 空闲的,有空

  be busy doing/with sth 忙于

  be covered with 被复盖

  be ready for 为作好准备

  be surprised (at) 对感到惊讶

  be interested in 对感到举

  be excited about 激动于

  be angry with 愤怒于

  be mad at 疯狂于

  be friendly to 友好地去

  be pleased with 很高兴做

  be satisfied with 对很满意

  be famous for 因而著名

  be famous as 作为而著名

  be strict with 对严格

  be strict in 在方面严格

  be afraid of 害怕

  be afraid to do 害怕去做

  be glad to do 很高兴去做

  be good for 对有好处

  be bad for 对有害处

  be good at = do well in 擅长

  be able to do 能去做


固定搭配

  have a lesson /a meeting 上课/开会

  have a try 试一试

  have a good time 玩得很高兴

  have fun 玩得高兴

  have breakfast/lunch/supper 吃早饭/午饭/晚饭

  have a meal (three meals) 吃一顿饭

  have a fever 发烧

  have a cold 感冒

  have a look (at) 看一看

  have a rest 休息一会儿

  have a talk 谈话

  have a walk =take a walk 散步

  make friends (with) 与交朋友

  make a living 谋生

  make a mistake 犯错误

  make a sentence 造句

  be made from/of 由制成

  be made in 在地方制造

  look after =take care of 照管,照看,

  look for 寻找

  look like 看上去像

  look out 当心,小心

  look around 朝四周看

  look at 看着

  put on 穿上(衣服),戴上(帽子)

  put up 张帖

  set up 竖起,建起

  set off 出发,动身

  set out 出发

  send for 派人去请

  take ones advice 听从某人劝告

  take out 拿出,取出

  take down 拿下

  take place 发生

  take the place of 代替

  take it easy 别紧张

  take away 拿走

  take off 脱下,起飞,休假

  day off / have off 休假

  take photos 拍照

  take some medicine 服药

  turn on 开,旋开(电灯,收音机等)

  turn off 关上(电灯,收音机等)

  turn down (把音量)调低

  turn up 调高

  turn in 交出,上交

  turninto 变成

  turnover 把翻过来

  at once 立刻

  at last 最后

  at first 起先,首先

  at the age of 在岁时

  at the end of 在之末

  by the end of 到底为止

  at the beginning of 在之初

  at night/noon 在夜里/中午

  in the day 在白天

  in all 总共

  in fact 事实上

  in ones twenties 在某人二十几岁时

  in a hurry 匆忙

  in time 及时

  in public 公众,公开地

  in order to 为了

  in front of 在前面

  in the front of 在某物内的前面

  in the end 最后,终于

  in turn 依次

  of course 当然

  from now on 从现在起

  from then on 从那时起

  for example 例如

  far away from 远离

  a piece of 一张(一片,块)

  a cup of 一茶怀

  a glass of 一玻璃杯

  a box of 一盒

  a bottle of 一瓶

  a set of 一套

  a group of 一队,一组,一群

  a kind of 一种

  all kinds of 所有种类

  a type of 一种类型的

  a different type of 一种不同型号的

  a great deal of 非常多,大量的(不可数名词)

  a large (great) number of 非常多,大量的(可数名词)

  a great many 大量,许多(可数名词)

  all over the world/the country 全世界/全国

  day after day 日复一日

  day by day 一天天

  up and down 上上下下

  the day after tomorrow 后天

  the day before yesterday 前天


其他固定搭配

  laugh at 嘲笑

  be used to doing习惯于

  used to 过去常常

  use sth to do sth 用某物做某事

  wakeup 唤醒

  work out 算出

  hurry up 赶快,快点

  think about 考虑

  think of 想到

  be anxious about 担忧

  throw away 扔掉

  hear of 听说

  hear from 收到来信

  instead of 代替

  with ones help 在某人的帮助下,由于

  with the help of 在的帮助下

  to ones surprise 令某人吃惊的是

  up and down 上上下下

  just now/then 刚才/那时

  late on 过后,后来

  work / study hard 努力工作

  come out 解出

  wait for 等待

  do morning exercises 做早操

  do eye exercises 做眼保健操

  get on/along (well) with 与相处(融洽)